Lariam (Total 46 Papers Found)

Lariam (46 Papers Found)
Twenty eight adult male patients with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria which showed RI or RII responses to quinine sulfate at the dosage of 600 mg 8 hourly for 7, 10 or 14 days were treated with a single dose of mefloquine (Lariam); 25 patients received 1000 mg, 2 received 750 mg and 1 received 500 mg. The initial response was good; there was no RII or RIII response. Three patients were lost to followup. Of 25 patients who stayed in the Bangkok Hospital for Tropical Diseases where there wa ...
  • Robert M Malina,
  • American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 1989
Alex Roche has had and continues to have a significant impact on physical anthropology and human biology. Beginning with his research activities in his homeland, Australia, and continuing after his move in 1968 to the Fels Research Institute, Alex has consistently contributed to many aspects of physical anthropology and human biology not only in the United States but also throughout the world. In addition to a continuously productive research record, Alex has generously given of himself to the o ...
Since the time of its introduction in 1985, mefloquine (Lariam) has been used extensively for malaria prophylaxis. The international Drug Safety Department of the manufacturer gathered all spontaneous adverse drug reactions reported in association with this drug from all available sources and monitored the literature on a world-wide basis. The serious neurologic and psychiatric adverse events reported in association with Lariam prophylaxis from the time of introduction until May 1991 were review ...
Mefloquine--a quinolinemethanol--opens new aspects in the therapy and prophylaxis of malaria. Since this drug will be soon available in Austria, a review of the pharmacological and clinical data is given. Preliminary results of studies dealing with resistance induction against mefloquine showed that Plasmodium falciparum can develop resistance to this substance in vivo as well as in vitro. Hence, some guidelines are given, in particular with regard to the use of mefloquine as a prophylactic drug ...
Malaria is largely preventable, so travelers should be taught general protective measures and given appropriate chemoprophylaxis before they leave on their trip. Chloroquine phosphate (Aralen) is still the drug of choice in locations where malaria remains chloroquine-sensitive. However, chloroquine-resistant areas infested with Plasmodium falciparum are becoming more numerous. In such areas, mefloquine hydrochloride (Lariam), doxycycline, or proguanil (Paludrine) (obtainable outside the United S ...
The nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) assay has been demonstrated to be more sensitive for detection of enteroviruses (EV) than RT-PCR. Many laboratories, however, do not have a dedicated instrument for the NASBA assay. This study aimed to evaluate the use of the Roche LightCycler as a platform for performing the NASBA assay for detection of EV. A diverse subgenera of EV were used to assess the specificity of the NASBA assay, including coxsackie, echovirus, poliovirus, and other ...
The study was performed in the area of distribution of tropical malaria resistant to 4-aminoquinolines (Vietnam) on 30 patients receiving lariam (mefloquine). The results were compared to the standard therapy with quinine and fansidar. They indicate a high efficacy of and a good tolerance to the drug tested. The use of lariam leads to a more rapid (as compared to the standard treatment) elimination of parasitemia and complete eradication of the disease relapses. The findings make it possible to ...
We have used the whole-cell patch-clamp technique to study the effect of mefloquine (Lariam), a commonly used antimalarial drug, on the volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC) in cultured bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells. We also examined its effects on other Cl(-) channels, i.e., the Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, to assess the specificity of this compound for VRAC. At pH 7.4 mefloquine induced a fast and reversible block of th ...
Background: The objectives of this study were (1) to compare the efficacy of Lariam (mefloquine) with that of Fansimef (mefloquine, sulfadoxine, and pyrimethamine), Fansidar (sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine), chloroquine, and placebo in suppressing asexual parasitemia in semi-immune persons living in an area endemic for Plasmodium falciparum malaria; and (2) to compare the tolerance of these drugs when taken over a prolonged period of time. Method: A randomized double-blind comparative placebo-con ...
Stand-by therapy is the first treatment of a presumptive malaria by the traveller. Goals and possible indications are listed and the mode of application described. Information of the traveller by the physician is time consuming but very important for the correct use of stand-by therapy. The central message is the instruction to visit a doctor within 12 to 25 hours after intake of stand-by therapy, to avoid the risk of missing other diseases with similar symptoms. Fansimef and Lariam, recommended ...
  • ,
  • Drug and therapeutics bulletin
  • 1998
In the UK, mefloquine (Lariam-Roche) has been marketed since 1990 for both malaria prophylaxis and for acute treatment of falciparum malaria. In 1991, we concluded that prophylaxis with mefloquine was appropriate for those travelling to areas where strains of Plasmodium falciparum resistant to chloroquine and proguanil are common. Since then, UK recommendations have changed several times. Recently, mefloquine's use as a prophylactic has been questioned because of reports of neuropsychiatric unwa ...
In the absence of a suitable malaria case definition, reliable surveillance data on the impact of malaria are not available. Determinants of case loads, including population movements, environmental changes, lack of political commitment and resources, and resistance to antimalarials and residual insecticides, work towards global deterioration. Some 90% of the Plasmodium falciparum burden is carried by Africa south of the Sahara. There, in 1992, the number of children under five years of age and ...
Quinine and its isomer quinidine are well-known causes of iatrogenic hypoglycaemia, due to excessive insulin secretion. The situation is less clear regarding other anti-malarial quinine analogues. In particular, this adverse effect has never been described with mefloquine (Lariam). We report a case of hypoglycaemia after mefloquine therapy (1,500 mg over two days) for severe gastrointestinal cryptosporidiasis in a cachectic AIDS patient with protracted diarrhoea. Blood glucose levels, which were ...
From July 1987 to June 1988 a randomized, double-blind, comparative placebo-controlled field trial was conducted in a group of villages near Ibadan, Nigeria. The aim of the study was to assess the suppressive tolerability and efficacy of four antimalarials (Fansimef, Lariam, Fansidar, chloroquine) given for 24 weeks. Fansimef and Lariam were given with loading and maintenance doses, Fansidar and chloroquine as one tablet per week for 24 weeks. Of 567 enrolled subjects, 114 (20%) had parasitaemia ...
Three hundred and fifty-nine US Marines participated in a randomized double-blind clinical trial to assess tolerance of two prophylactic mefloquine regimens [250 mg salt weekly (n = 157) or 250 mg daily for 3 days followed by 250 mg weekly (n = 46)] compared with 300 mg weekly chloroquine (n = 156) over a 12-week period. The study participants were seen daily for four days, then weekly for 11 weeks. On each visit, the subject answered two computerized questionnaires (a review of body systems and ...
  • ,
  • MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports
  • 1990
Recommendations for the prevention of malaria among travelers have been developed by CDC in consultation with representatives from the Offices of Medical Services of the Department of State and the Peace Corps; the Division of Experimental Therapeutics of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research; the Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army; the Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Air Force; and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, U.S. Navy. Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine h ...
Even though the important antimalaria drug rac-erythro-mefloquine HCl has been on the market as Lariam for decades, the absolute configurations of its enantiomers have not been determined conclusively. This is needed, since the (-) enantiomer is believed to cause adverse side effects in malaria treatment resulting from binding to the adenosine receptor in the human brain. Since there are conflicting assignments based on enantioselective synthesis and anomalous X-ray diffraction, we determined th ...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the teratogenic potential of mefloquine (Lariam) in pregnancy, based on the Roche International Spontaneous Reporting System. Lariam is an anti-malarial drug used both in prophylaxis and treatment of malaria. Teratogenic effects were observed in animals but data from humans are lacking. Women of childbearing potential are currently advised to take contraceptive precautions up to three months after the last dose. The study included 1,627 spontaneous repor ...
Mefloquine is a drug of choice for malaria prophylaxis in Africa because of the spread of chloroquine resistant plasmodium falciparum. On the other hand there are some reports about severe neuropsychiatric side effects associated with the intake of mefloquine medication. In our paper we present a case-report of a patient suffering for the first time from an acute paranoid psychosis induced by mefloquine prophylaxis. ...
INTRODUCTION We present a case in which suicide was a severe neuropsychiatric reaction to treatment with mefloquine. Physicians must be aware of these serious psychiatric complications and bear them in mind when faced with atypical behavior or suspected suicide. CASE REPORT The body of a 27-year-old man was discovered at his home, covered with multiple knife wounds. The autopsy report concluded that death was due to a craniocerebral wound from a violent blow. Homicide was initially suspected. ...
One hundred and five healthy nonimmunes in Colombia took part in a randomize, double-blind comparison of 250 mg of Lariam (L) (active ingredient: mefloquine) on alternate weeks or one tablet of Fansidar (F) (active ingredients: sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine) weekly for malaria prophylaxis during at least six months. Volunteers also gave blood for determination of drug concentrations after six months and/or 24-27 months of prophylaxis. Twenty-five volunteers withdrew involuntarily when they lost ...
Two studies were conduct in Thailand in order to find appropriate falciparum malaria prophylactic drug regimens. The first study was done during June - September 1987 with 363 soldiers who received Fansimef (MSP) 1 tab/week (group 1), 337 soldiers who received MSP 1 tab/2 week (group 2) and 165 soldiers who received chloroquine 300 mg base weekly plus Fansidar 1 tab/week (group 3). At the end of the study there were 9 and 13 falciparum malaria episodes in groups 1 and 2, respectively, with incid ...
  • Raphaël Lasserre,
  • Bulletin de la Societe de pathologie exotique et de ses filiales
  • 1989
The spread of chloroquine resistant strains of P. falciparum requires new approaches to treatment especially in tropical Africa. A single dose of 3 tablets of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (Fansidar) is a suitable and relatively inexpensive alternative. But under drug pressure resistance to this compound has developed in some South-East Asian countries and in Brazil, giving rise to multiple resistant strains of P. falciparum. A similar pattern has arisen with quinine to which almost 50% of P. falcip ...
At a time when Fansimef, the fixed combination of mefloquine, sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine was considered for prophylaxis of falciparum malaria, a randomized double-blind study comparing the efficacy and tolerability of Fansimef with that of Lariam (mefloquine), Fansidar, chloroquine and placebo in malaria prophylaxis was performed in Thailand from July 1987 to January 1988. The study population of 602 adult males was recruited in Pak Tongchai District, some 360 km North-East of Bangkok, where ...
The prophylactic efficacy of proguanil 100 mg (Paludrine) daily was compared to that of chlorproguanil 20 mg (Lapudrine) twice weekly in school children from Nyamisathi village, in a coastal area of Tanzania, 160 km south of Dar es Salaam. A total of 80 children were randomly allocated to three groups after radical treatment with a curative dose of mefloquine (Lariam). Seventy-six children were then followed up with daily prophylaxis and/or placebo for 13 weeks. All children in the group taking ...
The pharmacokinetics of the prophylactic dose of mefloquine (Lariam: 500 mg every 4 weeks, with a loading dose of 750 mg on the first week) was studied in six healthy Thai male volunteers. Mefloquine was well tolerated during the study period of 16 weeks. The only side-effects found were nausea and diarrhea in 2 volunteers after the first dose of mefloquine. The mean minimum concentration of mefloquine at steady state ranged from 290 to 460 ng/ml. The maximum concentration on week 16 after the l ...
We recently reported that suicide vaccination by subcapsular injection of autologous tumor cells expressing the bacterial gene cytosine deaminase followed by 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) treatment significantly increased the survival of rats carrying a single liver metastasis (1). We wish to supplement these data with results concerning the effect of suicide vaccination in a polymetastatic liver model. DHD/K12/PROb (PROb) rat colon carcinoma cells (20.0 × 10) (2) were injected in the portal veins of ...
  • ,
  • JAMA
  • 1990
Recommendations for the prevention of malaria among travelers have been developed by CDC in consultation with representatives from the Offices of Medical Services of the Department of State and the Peace Corps; the Division of Experimental Therapeutics of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research; the Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army; the Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Air Force; and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, U.S. Navy. Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine h ...
Mefloquine (Lariam) is extensively prescribed for the prevention of malaria in chloroquine-resistant areas. However, in west Africa, most of the strains of Plasmodium falciparum are still sensitive to chloroquine. In addition, a few of these strains are inherently resistant to mefloquine. Under these conditions, we must expect to see the failure of mefloquine prophylaxis in travellers returning from west Africa. We report here 5 such failures. The in vitro susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum ...
Some 200 cases of malaria are officially reported yearly in Switzerland. It is estimated that 2000-8000 Swiss travellers are infected by the anopheles mosquito annually, with 90% protected by chemoprophylaxis. An attack of malaria appears to have a better prognosis when the symptoms start in Africa, since treatment is initiated immediately, than in industrialized countries where the mortality is 1-4%. Failure to inquire into travel history is often responsible for the delay in initiating treatme ...
There has been an increased incidence of malaria among Europeans returning from Africa and Asia. The relatively new antimalarial mefloquine (Lariam) has become extremely popular due to its efficacy in treating the wide-spread chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Mefloquine is used both for prophylaxis and treatment of malaria and is relatively well tolerated. However, since introduced in 1985, there have been over 100 reports of severe neurologic and psychiatric adverse effects associate ...